INFJ: The Advocate | Jungian Personality Type 14

& Relevant Book Recommendations
September 2, 2023
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Who are the Advocates?

Advocates (INFJs) may be considered a rare personality type, but their impact on the world is significant. They have high ideals and beliefs and strive to make a positive difference. They do not settle for a life of mediocrity but rather strive for personal fulfilment, helping others, and serving as a powerful influence. Unlike many others, Advocates do not find success in monetary or social status. What really matters to them is making a positive contribution to humanity.

This exceptional and conscientious personality type can often be misconstrued as dreamers, but this is far from the truth. Advocates hold themselves to a high level of personal integrity and work tirelessly to enact what they believe is right. They have a strong sense of their values, but they look beyond what society expects from them to follow their own intuition and wisdom.

Advocates are often very aware of feeling different from others, but this does not deter them from having a positive impact on the world. They feel a strong sense of justice and prioritize altruism over personal gain. Using creativity, sensitivity, and a great imagination, they work to make the world a more compassionate place.

INFJ Characteristics

INFJs, or individuals who possess the INFJ personality type, are known for their unique and distinguishing characteristics. One of these notable traits is their remarkable sense of compassion. INFJs possess a high level of emotional intelligence that enables them to be intuitive and empathetic towards others while still being able to stand strong for what they believe in. As an introverted personality type, INFJs may find it difficult to make connections with others, but once they do, it’s hard not to be drawn to their helping nature. INFJs truly enjoy making meaningful connections with others but, at the same time, recognize the need to take time to recharge their batteries. Another notable trait of INFJs is their idealism. They take their passions and transform them into action, working towards making the world a better place. INFJs are also known to be organized individuals who like to plan ahead of time. Finally, INFJs are individuals who strike a balance between their emotions and logical thinking when making decisions, leading to a well-rounded perspective on the world.

INFJs Strenghts

INFJs Weaknesses

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INFJ Cognitive functions

When we talk about individual personalities, we are actually talking about cognitive functions that are unique to every individual. These cognitive functions are sensing, thinking, feeling, and intuition, and each of these functions varies in terms of dominance. The way these functions are ordered hierarchically can play a significant role in how each person perceives and interacts with the world.

It is also worth noting that these functions can be either extraverted or introverted. The extraverted functions are the ones that are more focused on external factors, such as interacting with others and responding to the world around us. On the other hand, introverted functions are those that are primarily focused on internal processes like self-reflection and analysis.

The variation in these different cognitive functions and their focus allows for endless possibilities when it comes to understanding people and their unique personalities. By understanding these functions, we can gain better insight into ourselves and those around us, leading to greater understanding and more meaningful relationships.

Dominant: Introverted Intuition

Individuals with an INFJ personality type possess a unique dominant trait of introverted intuition. Essentially, this means that these individuals are highly attuned to their inner thoughts and insights, often relying heavily on this internal guidance when making decisions or processing information. Once they have formed a strong intuition about a particular situation or concept, INFJs tend to remain unwaveringly committed to this mindset, often to the point of being perceived as highly focused or even single-minded. However, while this level of determination can be seen as admirable, it can also lead to others viewing INFJs as stubborn or unyielding in their beliefs. Ultimately, this personality type requires a balance between leveraging their internal insights and remaining open to alternative viewpoints and perspectives.

Auxiliary: Extraverted Feeling

The INFJ personality type has an auxiliary function, which is known as extraverted feeling. This function allows INFJs to have a keen sense of what others are feeling, but sometimes they may find it challenging to recognize and understand their own emotions.

Additionally, INFJs may struggle with saying no to people’s requests as they are extremely compassionate and empathetic towards others. They fear that by denying someone’s request, they may end up causing disappointment or hurt feelings. This can sometimes lead to INFJs feeling overwhelmed or burnt out due to taking on more than they are capable of handling.

Overall, the INFJ personality type is characterized by a deep understanding and connection to others but may struggle with balancing their personal needs with the needs of those around them.

Tertiary: Introverted Thinking

INFJs, or people with the INFJ personality type, have a tertiary function called introverted thinking. This function plays an important role in how INFJs make decisions. Unlike other personality types, INFJs make choices based on their own insights and ideas, which they form through their introverted thinking process. While extroverted feeling and introverted intuition are their primary decision-making tools, INFJs often rely on introverted thinking when alone.

However, in stressful situations, INFJs may prioritize emotions over logic to please others. This can lead to decision-making that is not aligned with their true values and beliefs. Interestingly, in less stressful circumstances, INFJs are more likely to tap into their intuition, making decisions that are more authentic to their own internal knowing.

In short, while introverted thinking may not be an INFJ’s dominant function, it still plays a significant role in shaping their decision-making process.

Inferior: Extraverted Sensing

As an INFJ, it’s interesting to note that there is an inferior function called extraverted sensing that has an impact on your personality. While it may be less developed and largely unconscious, it still plays a role in how you perceive the world around you and stay aware of your surroundings. The great thing about extraverted sensing is that it helps INFJs live in the present moment rather than constantly worrying about the future. This is especially important in today’s fast-paced society, where life can often feel overwhelming. Additionally, this aspect of personality also allows INFJs to appreciate physical activities such as hiking and dancing. By embracing your extraverted sensing function, you can unlock a new level of enjoyment and fulfilment in life that you may have never discovered before. So next time you’re looking for something to do, consider something active that engages your senses and allows you to fully experience the present moment.

INFJ Personal Relationships

The INFJ personality type possesses several admirable traits. Firstly, these individuals have a keen sense of language and can express their thoughts and emotions in an eloquent manner. Although they have a rich inner life, they tend to keep it to themselves, only opening up to their close friends and family. Despite their reserved nature, INFJs can make for effective leaders and often influence decisions behind the scenes. One of the key driving forces behind their actions is their strong values and desire for meaningful connections with others. Known for their depth and complexity, these compassionate souls have a tendency to help others and strive to leave a positive impact on their surroundings. Furthermore, INFJs excel at listening and interacting with those they feel emotionally connected to. They prefer to maintain a small inner circle but build powerful and long-lasting relationships within that group. When it comes to compatibility, ENTPs and ENFPs are the most suitable fit, while ISTPs and ESTPs are the least compatible.

INFJ Career Paths

INFJs, or people with INFJ personality types, tend to thrive in careers that allow them to express their creativity. This is because they have deeply held convictions and values and seek jobs that align with these principles. They find the most fulfilment in careers that combine their need for creativity with their desire to make meaningful changes in the world. Additionally, INFJs are high achievers, often excelling in both academia and the workplace. Sometimes, their attention to detail can even border on perfectionism, as they put a great deal of effort into their work. Despite their intense work ethic, INFJs are known to be positive, hardworking, and easy to get along with. However, their introverted nature sometimes calls for them to retreat and recharge, especially after long periods of social interaction. While INFJs make excellent leaders, they may struggle to assert their authority in managerial roles, as they tend to lead with sensitivity and prioritize making employees feel appreciated. Finally, there are several popular career paths for INFJs, such as

  • art,
  • acting,
  • entrepreneurship,
  • religious work,
  • music,
  • library science,
  • counselling,
  • psychology,
  • writing,
  • teaching, and
  • photography.

Tips for Interacting With INFJs


INFJs are known for their reserved and private nature, making it challenging to build a deep connection with them. This is because they place a high value on close and meaningful relationships. Although they may hide their true feelings and emotions from others, they can be hurt easily. In order to have a fulfilling relationship with an INFJ, it’s essential to understand their need to retreat and recharge. This may involve giving them space and allowing them to have alone time when they need it.
It’s important to note that people with this personality type may feel misunderstood due to their complex and often intense emotions. By taking the time to appreciate their unique perspective and strengths, you can be a supportive and caring friend to an INFJ. Don’t underestimate the value of being a good listener and showing empathy, as this can make a significant difference in their lives.


INFJs are known to be empathetic and highly skilled at understanding the emotional needs of others, especially their own children. This special ability to tune into their children’s feelings enables them to foster a deep emotional connection with them, resulting in a close bond that is hard to break. They are also renowned for holding high standards and expectations for their little ones, motivating them to be their best selves at all times.

As a parent, INFJs are dedicated to instilling the values of kindness, compassion and caring in their children. They believe in nurturing their kids so that they can grow and blossom into well-shaped individuals. Part of this nurturing includes encouraging their children to pursue their interests and talents, so they can reach their full potential in life. Indeed, INFJs are truly special caregivers whose children are bound to flourish under their guidance and tutelage.


INFJs are individuals with a unique ability to comprehend the emotions of others. They possess a natural inclination towards developing deep, meaningful relationships with individuals who share similar values. These values are integral to their identity and allow them to thrive in romantic partnerships. A fulfilling romantic relationship for an INFJ requires a strong emotional connection. As a partner, it is important to listen actively, provide emotional support, and establish a safe and secure environment that facilitates vulnerability. The INFJ values honesty and sincerity and desires a partner who embodies these traits. When provided with an environment that prioritizes authenticity, the INFJ can foster intimacy and strengthen their relationship. So if you are in a relationship with an INFJ, remember to cherish these values and invest yourself emotionally in the relationship for it to flourish.

Interesting Facts about INFJs

  • On personality trait measures, score as Changeable, Energetic, Forceful, Initiating, and Resourceful
  • More likely to use emotional coping techniques over spiritual or physical resources
  • Tend to look to authority in education rather than expressing intellectual curiosity; prefer hands-on learning
  • Among most likely to stay in college
  • More likely than other types to watch television for more than 3 hours a day
  • Second highest of all types in marital satisfaction
  • Among types with lowest income
  • At work, tend to be satisfied with co-workers but dissatisfied with job security, stress, salary, and accomplishment
  • Personal values include Home/Family, Health, Friendships, Financial Security, and Spirituality
  • Overrepresented in health care, teaching, coaching, and child care occupations

How rare is the INFJ personality type?

INFJ is one of the rarest types in the population. It is the least common type among men and the third least common among women (after INTJ and ENTJ). INFJs make up:

  • 2.3% of the general population
  • 3.1% of women
  • 1.4% of men

INFJ Famous Persons

Famous INFJs include:

  • Mohandas Gandhi
  • Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Emily Bronte
  • Jane Goodall
  • Carl Jung
  • Fyodor Dostoevsky
  • Florence Nightingale
  • Shirley MacLaine
  • Jimmy Carter
  • Brené Brown
  • Edward Snowden
  • J.K. Rowling
  • Marianne Williamson

INFJ Book Recommendations

Here is a collection of the best books and other items on the market for the INFJ personality type: 

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